The introduction of pesticides and chemicals into food production saw high yields of crops and amazed farmers. It was only after extended use that agriculturalists began to realise what the consequences of this would be. The soil suffers and after the first few yields the results of the chemical treatments can be seen.
What is organic farming?
Organic farming is the practice of planting and nurturing crops without any artificial influences like pesticides or anything that would constitute genetically modified foods (GMOs). By adopting the natural way of cultivating plants and rearing animals you embrace organic farming with its techniques and practices.
By adopting organic farming practices one can create a healthier world and eventually limit the number of cases of illnesses caused by the chemicals in non-organic foods, such as cancer. Organic farming methods also reduce the degradation of the quality of soil and water.
How are organic crops different?
Organic crops are grown in uncompromised soil which allows the plant to absorb more nutrients from the earth. Organic foods tend to contain higher levels of antioxidants, vitamin C, zinc and iron. Antioxidants keep the plant safe eliminating the need for pesticides to do so for them.
Foods grown organically have been shown to contain lower levels of nitrate – high levels of which are linked with the development of several types of cancer and methemoglobinemia in children (a disease which negatively affects the body’s capability of carrying oxygen.
Levels of toxic metals and pesticides are lower in organic produce because they are not exposed to chemical treatments. Organic farming does not make use of:
• Synthetic fertilizers
• Sewage based fertilizer
• Synthetic pesticides
• Genetic engineering
• Growth hormones
The advantages of organic farming
Instead of using harmful chemicals and additives organic farming uses natural methods, agricultural products and materials for a healthy and plentiful yield of crops. The goal of organic farming is to:
• Reduce pollution
• Provide safe livestock habitats
• Enable natural livestock behaviour
• Enhance soil and water quality
• Promote self-sustaining cycle on farms